Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (1956): Cognitive Skills
A group of educators, led by Benjamin Bloom, identified a hierarchy of six categories of cognitive skills: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation. As students learn, they start with the knowledge level and progress through the hierarchy. Thus, advanced courses should include skills at a higher level than introductory or basic skills courses. Below you will find a web-resource as well as a list of measurable verbs to assist you in writing course objectives and assess learning outcomes.
Objective-Builder Resource: http://teachonline.asu.edu/objectives-builder/
Knowledge Level: The successful student will recognize or recall learned information.
Comprehension Level: The successful student will restate or interpret information in their own words.
state define arrange name relate describe tell recall memorize recall repeat recognize label select reproduce
Application Level: The successful student will use or apply the learned information.
translate express summarize identify classify discuss restate locate compare discuss review illustrate tell critique estimate reference interpret reiterate
Analysis Level: The successful student will examine the learned information critically.
use solve respond practice construct role-play demonstrate conduct execute complete dramatize employ
Synthesis Level: The successful student will create new models using the learned information.
distinguish categorize critique differentiate catalogue diagnose appraise quantify extrapolate calculate measure theorize experiment relate debate
Evaluation Level: The successful student will assess or judge the value of learned information.
plan formulate collect build propose construct create establish prepare design integrate devise organize modify manage
justify argue conclude assess rate compare defend score evaluate report on select interpret investigate measure support